The source of this current new found love for Tagore lies in an essay titled Nationalism in India which was one among the three essays of the book. - article continues after ad - - article resumes - In his essay, Tagore begins by saying that the problems of India were social and not political.
Tagore’s understanding of nationalism that is, its genuine European version that took its final shape in the 19th century as an inseparable adjunct of the modern nation state and the idea of nationality is explicit in a number of essays and letters.
In the opening essay of Nationalism, Rabindranath had posed the question, “What is this Nation?” and answered it by asserting that a nation “is that aspect which a whole population assumes when organized for a mechanical purpose”, and in “Nationalism in Japan”, he had cautioned the people of that country against accepting the (negative and enervating) values of Western nationalism.
Tagore's politics exhibited a marked ambivalence—on the one hand, he denounced European imperialism, occasionally voicing full support for Indian nationalists; on the other hand, he also shunned the Swadeshi movement, denouncing it in his acrid September 1925 essay The Cult of the Charkha (an allusion to elements of Gandhism and the Non-Cooperation Movement).
So the time has come when man's moral nature must deal with this great fact with all seriousness or perish.”, writes Tagore in his essay “Nationalism in India”.
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Tagore’s works are mostly in Bengali, and often works of fiction. That makes it hard to distil his views on various issues. I found this essay in English on Tagoreweb, which contains all his writings. In this Tagore questions the idea of nation, and insists that moral principles and humanity are greater.